Legal base and framework
Updated by Clara van Panhuys on 01.04.2014
| The Social Protection Floor concept is based on shared principles of social justice and is grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 (UDHR), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 (ICESCR), ILO Conventions on Social Security, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other human rights instruments. It reflects the call of the UDHR for adequate life standards, access to health, education, food, housing and social security. The right to social security in itself is recognized as a human right for example, in article 22 and 25 UDHR and article 9 ICESCR. Moreover, the social protection floor concept enables the concrete realization of the respective human rights. |
| The achievement of social security as a human right represents a fundamental part of the ILO’s Constitution and mandate. |
The Declaration of Philadelphia (1944) specifically refers to the ILO’s obligation to further “...the extension of social security measures to provide a basic income to all in need of such protection and comprehensive medical care”. More recently, the ILO member states’ governments and social partners adopted at the International Labour Conference the Declaration of Social Justice for a Fair Globalization (2008) and the Global Jobs Pact (2009).
- Recommendation concerning national floors of social protection (Social Protection Floors Recommendation), 2012 (No. 202)
Social security and the rule of law